Dr. Torino is a world-renowned expert in microaggressions.  The concept of microaggressions has had an enormous influence in a wide range of fields, including business, law, health, education, and media.  This influence is attributable primarily to an article that Dr. Torino co-authored in 2007:

Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Implications for Clinical Practice  [16 page PDF]

According to the Social Sciences Citation Index, the article "received enough citations to be in the top 1% of cited articles in Psychiatry/Psychology."  It has been cited over 5,400 times according to Google Scholar, a measure of its exceptional impact across the social sciences. Finally, the term microaggressions was added to the Merriam-Webster's Dictionary in 2017.



Her co-edited book (2019) explores research on microaggressions:

• Details the psychological effects of microaggressions in separate chapters covering clinical impact, trauma, related stress syndromes, and the effect on perpetrators employment, health care, and the media

• Explores how social policies and practices can minimize the occurrence and impact of microaggressions in a range of environments

• Investigates how microaggressions relate to larger social movements

Please visit this site for more information.

Selected Publications:

Budescu, M., Sisselman-Borgia, A., & Torino, G. C. (2021). An experimental approach to assessing the

attitudes of social service and healthcare employees toward the homeless. Journal of Social Service

Research, 47(2), 245-255.


Budescu, M., Sisselman-Borgia, A., & Torino, G. C. (2021). Discrimination, self-harming behaviors and

emotional quality of life among youth experiencing homelessness. Journal of Social Distress and

Homelessness, 1-10.


Torino, G. C., Rivera, D. P., Capodilupo, C. M., Nadal, K. L., & Sue, D. W. (Eds.). (2019). Microaggression

theory: Influence and implications. John Wiley & Sons.

Torino, G. C., & Sisselman, A. G. (2017). Homeless microaggressions: Implications for education, 

research, and practice. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work.

Torino, G. C. (2017). Gender roles: Overview. In K. L. Nadal (Ed.), Sage Encyclopedia of Psychology

and Gender. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


Torino, G. C. (2017). Subtle sexism. In K. L. Nadal (Ed.), Sage Encyclopedia of Psychology

and Gender. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


Sue, D. W., Bucceri, J., Lin, A. I., Nadal, K. L., & Torino, G. C. (2016). Racial microaggressions and the

Asian American experience. In M. Zhou & J. V. Gatewood (Eds.) Contemporary Asian America (3rd ed):

A multidisciplinary reader. New York, NY: New York University Press.


Torino, G. C. (2015). Examining biases and white privilege: Classroom teaching strategies that promote

cultural competence. Special Issue of Women and Therapy: Whiteness and White Privilege, 38, 295-307.


Torino, G. C., & Manese, J. E. (2012). Creating wiser psychologists: Training to confront racism, sexism,

and cultural misunderstanding. In P. Lundberg-Love, K. L. Nadal, & M. A. Paludi (Eds.) Women

and Mental Disorders (pp. 177-191). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.


Sue, D. W., Torino, G. C., Capodilupo, C. M., Rivera, D. P., & Lin, A. I. (2009). How White faculty

perceive and react to difficult dialogues on race: Implications for education and training. The

Counseling Psychologist, (37), 1090-1115.


Sue, D. W., Lin, A. I., Torino, G. C., Capodilupo, C. M., & Rivera, D. (2009). Racial microaggressions and

difficult dialogues on race in the classroom. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology,

15, 183-190.


Sue, D. W., Nadal, K. L., Capodilupo, C. M., Torino, G. C., Lin, A. I., & Rivera, D. (2008). Racial

microaggressions toward Black Americans: Implications for counseling. Journal of Counseling

and Development, 86, 330-338.


Sue, D. W., Capodilupo, C. M., Torino, G. C., Bucceri, J. M., Esquilin, M. E., Holder, A. M., Nadal, K.

L., & Esquilin, M. (2007). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Implications for clinical practice.

American Psychologist, 62(4), 271-286.


Sue, D. W., & Torino, G. C. (2005). Racial cultural competence: Awareness, knowledge, and skills.

Handbook of Racial Cultural Counseling and Psychology, Volume 2, Training and Practice (pp. 1

21). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.